The finesse is a basic technique to cash lower honors in spite of opponents holding higher honors.
Simple Finesses Edit
Consider the following:
and you need all 5 ♠ tricks in NT, you perform a finesse by leading ♠6 from declarer. If LHO plays ♠K, dummy then plays ♠A, otherwise, dummy plays ♠Q. Then repeat the process by using outside entries to return to declarer until LHO plays ♠K. Then you can take all 5 ♠ tricks and the finesse succeeds.
However, if ♠K is in fact held by RHO, after dummy plays ♠Q, RHO will play ♠K to cover the ♠Q and win the trick. The finesse fails.
Double Finesse Edit
When Not To Finesse Edit
It is important to know when not to try to finesse. Here is a non-exhaustive list of some situations when it's best not to even try.
- When there are enough sure tricks to make the contract, do not try a finesse.
- Finessing on the opening lead may be ill-advised if it's possible to wait until more information is available.
See Also Edit
- Karpin. Bridge Strategy at Trick One. Dover. 1976 (reprinted from Dell, 1964)